As a part of Indonesian culture, Javanese language and culture contribute to give particular colour and feature towards civilization and the effort in fostering and rising dignity and unity. Javanese culture has been tested for centuries for its remarkable resistance that it has been passing through periods since the entrance of different influences (Hinduism – Buddhism, Islamic and Western cultures) until today. Javanese culture covers various aspects of life, i.e.: public institutions, language, literature, politic and administration, defense, economics, agriculture, astronomy, currency, calendar, nautical, life environment and art and tradition. The impact of Javanese culture influences not only in Indonesia, but also elsewhere in Madagascar, Cambodia, Thailand, Malay and Myanmar as coverage areas of Panji Literature.
The power and resistance of Javanese culture appears and gives from the way of receiving different cultures and the influences overtime. Despite its openness, it knows how to show its uniqueness and special characteristic by adaptation, acculturation, enculturation, assimilation and syncretism. This point functions as valuable lessons to maintain the shape and character of national cultures of Indonesia in steadier and more dignified factors, particularly correlated to the pattern and value of wisdom, behaviour and attitude in building inner and outer of Indonesian people.
In response, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS) actively participates in its rebirth and giving wider space for Javanese culture as the core and pillar of the national identity of Indonesia strengtheners. Concerns and be responsible towards development of culture and local wisdom values, established UNS Javanology Institute Study Center in 2011. Javanology denotes for its scientific perspective for every rational activity. The study centre is expected to be a strong foundation for the new critical thoughts of the Javanese culture’s shape, direction and existence in sustaining Indonesian culture in the future.
UNS Javanology Institute’s activities constantly endorse the ideal, spirit and objectives in the field of teaching, research, dedication, scientific conference, workshop, manuscript management, translation, publishing, upgrading, course, exhibition, performance, assistance, publication, etc. Every activity involves experts in each field including Javanese language and literature, Javanese philology, education, history, art, architecture, agriculture, environment, biodiversity, law, sociology, philosophy and medical. The multiplicity of spheres and expertise reflects the numbers of Javanese culture as study objects and activity scopes of UNS Javanology Institute. Furthermore, the multiplicity is perceived from the study region polarization of Javanese culture, which is not finite in Surakarta and Yogyakarta, yet extended in East Java, West Java, coastal areas and inlands. In short, Javanese culture area refers to cultural perspective, instead of its geographical-administrative aspects only.